Additionality is a fundamental principle of the Cohesion Policy, which aims to ensure the added value of the policy. EU Structural Funds complement, but do not replace public expenditure of the Member States. This is respected if the average annual level of national public expenditure in real terms equals at least the levels that were determined at the beginning of the programming period. This safeguards that Cohesion Policy genuinely complements national investments with EU funds.


Applicable ex ante conditionality

(EU) Regulation 1303/2013 defines an applicable ex ante conditionality as a "a concrete and precisely pre-defined critical factor, which is a prerequisite for and has a direct and genuine link to, and direct impact on, the effective and efficient achievement of a specific objective for an investment priority or a Union priority."


Strategic policy framework

Strategic policy framework represents a document or a set of documents created at national or regional level. It establishes a number of priorities and a timespan for their implementation. It can also include a monitoring mechanism. 

Source: Article 2 (2) of the EU Regulation No 1303/2013 


Suspension of payments

According to Regulation 1083/2006 the European Commission may suspend payments if a) 'there is a serious deficiency in the management and control system of the programme which affects the reliability of the procedure for certification of payments and



JASPERS (Joint Assistance to Support Projects in the European Regions') is a technical assistance facility supported by the European Commission, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ERDB) and Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW). JASPERS expertise is available to the twelve Member States that joined the European Union in 2004 and 2007 plus Croatia and aims to assist them in the preparation of major infrastructure projects.



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